What is the influence of music on the function of our memory?

Generally, it must be said that the memory-enhancing effect of music has more short-term nature. We do that automatically, but for the brain, it is quite a challenge. The music elements provide associations. That is, the brain is placed in a mode that is generally easier to cause him memories. Accordingly, most people are right to feel that when you hear music in the background, this causes a feeling of well-being, also and the emotional mood is improved.

Therefore, there are two effects. One is that music increases our power of association. Second, which we can remember easily in a situation in which we feel comfortable when we are well tuned to us and can store more easily than in a situation that is more neutral or even negative connotation.

The link between physiological responses and subjective experience

Further studies were showed that the link between physiological responses and subjective experience exists, but no consistent results were obtained. In fact, defined mood changes occur after uniform patterns with different music. So exciting music leads to aggression and soothing music to a decrease of aggressiveness. Moreover, it was shown that not only the type of music the activating effect and the musician’s life determine but other factors also play a significant role.

It comes to musical knowledge, personal, internal, emotional attitude when listening to music, as the awareness of music interests and preferences as well as the volume. The studies show that, despite the situational factors is a relationship between musical structures, physiological reactions and experience data can be accepted as real. In another series of experiments, the importance of the rhythm was recognized as a special factor influencing the mood structure.

Research has shown increase in heart rate when it comes to jazz music as well as the decrease in heart rate in lullabies and slow rhythms. Traxler&Wrede (1959) in an empirical study concluded that different affective stimuli are due to the different rhythms. In empirical studies on the effect of music in regards to memory, the results show that there is a negative relationship between music-induced activation and memory performance.

Music and cognition – The “Mozart Effect”

In 1993 was performed a study of music and memory. Rauscher and his colleagues then tested the spatial intelligence of students with standardized tasks, which was previously presented to them for 10 minutes of Mozart’s Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major a relaxation. The result showed that the students who listened Mozart sections are statistically significantly better. Thereupon ensued a veritable Mozart euphoria – record sales for the works of WA Mozart.

The result, the “Mozart effect” was economically exploited. In 1995, Rauscher and his colleagues proved once again the positive effect of Mozart on spatial processing and memory task with confirmed results. Later, they also examined studies that had come to a contrary conclusion, and concluded that “boring” music can lead to wrong tests and negative results overall.At the same time, in 1999, Christopher Chabris investigated the influence of classical music and people but found no connection to the intelligence quotient.

Another study was conducted in children with either normal music and art classes or special education, which is also aimed at the systematic development of skills received. The result showed that the positive training exercised not only to the trained ability, but also on other skills, such as mathematics and the overall behaviour of the children.In various studies (Bastian, 2000, 2001) provide evidence that early music education (instrumental lessons), among other things can cause:

•A significant improvement in social skills
•An increase in learning and achievement motivation
•Compensation for loss of concentration
•A promotion of musical performance and creativity
•Improve the emotional well-being
•A reduction of anxiety
•Above-average academic performance effect, despite additional time burden of teaching music

These findings provide at least evidence that music lessons, especially when he starts early, can lead to development of specific and general learning potential that can lead to lifelong learning.

In particular, music and movement that is simultaneous sound and motion inputs and outputs affect the sense of a transfer of learning on the performance of children positively.There are positive effects on brain development through music lessonsand this has been proven with certainty.

Music and Emotion

The scientific study of emotions limits are quickly reached and a single answer to the question of the relationship between music perception and emotions. The large number of love songs shows how close music and emotion are interrelated. The context is only a minor matter, because even when working, sailing, shopping, love songs are heard. Even when working, sailing, shopping, love songs always are heard. Much like love songs, lullabies also can be found in all cultures.

These slow songs are presented, designed to promote the sleep of the child. Take a soothing function and you will see that this is closely associated with the emotions of parents towards their children. All these are evidence of the connection between music and emotion.

There are some experiments, aiming to investigate the emotional effects of music. Of respondents are given for listening 30 different pieces of music and they are to push a button whenever when they feel that music causes any emotions in them. Then was conducted an interview with participants in order to study their reactions to obtain qualitative data.

A year later, the experiment was repeated once more with eight subjects and the same music, and in a third experiment, four musicians played in duet form a piece of music, which they in turn should indicate, when they feel some emotional reaction. The result showed that the subjects as very important evaluated certain moments in a piece of music. In repeating the experiment after one year, with the subjects could not remember the music, arose very similar results, which means that people are consistent in their responses, and the effect is reproducible, which confirmed the previous results.

Who are people, which consistently experience emotional reactions in certain musical events? Certainly, these are people, who are more sensitive as individuals. However, the emotional reactions that occur are very diverse and individual. Indeed, we cannot deny the fact that music creates in people more positivity, presence and alertness. Finally, to add that in the processing of emotions, the limbic system plays an essential role in the control of emotions and behaviour.